What is a zygomatic implant? The 3 types of dental implant that your dentist may use during fitting

No comments

Did you know that there is more than one type of oral implant?

When you decide to have oral implants fitted to bridge a gap or get more functionality from your teeth, you will probably be thinking more about how your new teeth or prosthesis will look, as opposed to the different implants used by your dentist.

However, the type of implant your dentist chooses to use to secure your prosthesis is based on multiple factors, some of which may impact on the longevity of your new teeth!

But what are these factors and why are there different types of implant?

Read on to find out!

Endosteal implants

The most commonly used implant in dentistry for those who have enough jawbone and good oral health, endosteal implants are drilled directly into the jawbone and the prosthesis is attached to the top.

Before placing your dental implants in Harley Street, your dentist will need to determine that your jawbone is wide enough, deep enough and strong enough to support this implant. Although it appears very small, it is actually fairly large and requires a sturdy foundation to be attached to, without causing fractures or breaks in the jawbone.

Physically, this implant resembles a small screw and is usually made from titanium. If maintained with good oral hygiene and lifestyle choices, this implant can last and be secure for up to 40 years.

Subperiosteal implants

When you want oral implants fitted but your dentist is concerned about how much weight your jawbone can manage, they may suggest subperiosteal implants.

Made from a metal framework, this implant is placed below the gumline but above the jaw and is custom fitted for a snug fit. Attached to the metal framework are ‘posts,’ which are the actual dental implants your prosthetic teeth will be attached to.

The framework acts as an anchor for your new teeth and provides your jawbone with support.

This implant method requires your dentist to expose your jawbone fully and as a consequence, it has a longer healing time.

This method is rarely used anymore in dentistry as bone grafting has been found to be a less invasive method.

Zygomatic implants

Only suitable for attaching prosthetic teeth or dentures attached to the upper jaw, zygomatic implants have been a game changer for many people.

Physically around three times longer than endosteal implants, they offer a simple solution to overcoming age or disease related bone loss of the upper jaw, without being overly heavy or compromising the quality of prosthetic teeth that are fitted.

These implants are placed through the upper jawbone and anchored into the zygoma or cheekbone, taking the pressure away from the upper jaw.

Although this implant has a slightly longer healing time than the endosteal and requires more X-rays to confirm that it is working, it also has a high success rate of around 98%. If maintained through high quality dental hygiene and good lifestyle choices, zygomatic implants have been found to last for up to 20 years.

It's only fair to share...Share on Facebook
Tweet about this on Twitter
Share on LinkedIn